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Press Releases

  • April 16, 2012
  • Study Highlights Distinctive Buying Behaviors and Attitudes of U.S. Millennials

  • Research by The Boston Consulting Group, Barkley, and Service Management Group Shows How Companies Can Improve Their Marketing, Brands, and Business Models to Reach Millennials

BOSTON, April 16, 2012—America’s Millennials have been the subject of abundant research and commentary, mostly revolving around their avid use of technology, changing media-consumption habits, and entry into the workforce. A new study reveals surprising insights about this generation as consumers.

In contrast to their reputation as a lazy, entitled generation, U.S. Millennials are actively engaged in consuming and influencing, and their habits are distinct from those of earlier generations in several important ways, according to a recent survey of 4,000 Millennials (ages 16 to 34)1 and 1,000 non-Millennials (ages 35 to 74) conducted by The Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Barkley, and Service Management Group (SMG).

“Don't believe the hype that Millennials consume less than previous generations,” said Christine Barton, a partner at BCG, a leading management consulting firm. “On average, U.S. Millennials already shell out and influence the spending of hundreds of billions of dollars annually—an amount that will only increase as they mature into their peak earning and spending years. Those companies that truly ‘get’ this generation will have an opportunity to differentiate themselves and forge profitable long-term relationships with Millennial consumers.”

A key focus of the research was to determine how behaviors and attitudes differ between Millennials and Non-Millennials and to identify differences that are truly generational and therefore characteristic of Millennials—and not simply related to their age or relatively early life stage. The findings are discussed in a new BCG report, The Millennial Consumer: Debunking Stereotypes, being released today on Among the key takeaways:

To a surprising degree, U.S. Millennials are a generation actively engaged in consuming and influencing. They are optimistic about the ability of business and government to affect global change.

  • Millennials and Non-Millennials spend roughly the same amount of time online, but Millennials are more likely to use the Internet as a platform to broadcast their thoughts and experiences and to contribute user-generated content.

  • Millennials are far more engaged in activities such as rating products and services (60 percent versus 46 percent of non-Millennials) and uploading videos, images, and blog entries to the Web (60 percent versus 29 percent).

  • Millennials put a premium on speed, ease, efficiency, and convenience in all their transactions. For example, they shop for groceries at convenience stores twice as often as non-Millennials.

  • They are receptive to cause marketing and are more likely to choose products whose purchase supports a cause (37 percent versus 30 percent).

  • Of Millennials who make direct donations (34 percent), almost half donate through their mobile devices (15 percent), compared with only 5 percent of non-Millennials.

Millennials rely much more on recommendations from peers or friends than from “experts.”

  • For this generation, the meaning of expert—someone with the credibility to recommend brands, products, and services—has shifted from someone with professional or academic credentials to potentially anyone with firsthand experience, ideally a peer or close friend.

  • More Millennials than non-Millennials reported using a mobile device to read user reviews and to research products while shopping (50 percent versus 21 percent).

  • “Crowd sourcing”—tapping into the collective intelligence of the public or one’s peer group—has become particularly popular among Millennials.

  • Millennials are much more likely than non-Millennials to explore brands on social networks (53 percent versus 37 percent).

Millennials are true “digital natives” who are extremely comfortable with technology and social media. Using these new tools is a natural, integral part of their life and work. They also consider themselves fast adopters of new technologies and applications.

  • When it comes to making purchases, Millennials are far more likely to favor brands that have Facebook pages and mobile websites (33 percent versus 17 percent).

  • They overwhelmingly agree (47 percent versus 28 percent) that their lives feel richer when they’re connected to people through social media.

  • Millennials are far more likely than non-Millennials to be the very first or among the first to try a new technology, and they tend to own multiple devices such as smartphones, tablets, and gaming systems.

  • More U.S. Millennials than non-Millennials reported using MP3 players (72 percent versus 44 percent), gaming platforms (67 percent versus 41 percent), and smartphones (59 percent versus 33 percent), while more non-Millennials reported using desktop computers at home (80 percent versus 63 percent) and basic cellphones (66 percent versus 46 percent).

  • As a result, U.S. Millennials are also much more likely to multitask while online, constantly moving across platforms—mobile, social, PC, and gaming.

“This is a generation that engages with brands, channels, and service models in new ways—ways that have been instrumental in creating our current ‘participation economy,’” said Jeff Fromm, executive vice president at Barkley advertising agency and the founder of Share.Like.Buy, a Millennial marketing conference. “Since these consumers are always in a hurry, it’s critical to determine how you can get them to spend time developing a relationship with your brand.”

The research also found that although Millennials’ perceptions of themselves are generally favorable, non-Millennials tend to view them more negatively. These perceptions may be coloring how executives view the Millennial consumer, preventing companies from understanding and fully addressing the product and service needs of this generation—and establishing strong brand relationships.

“If executives have negative and dismissive feelings about Millennials, they won’t be able to provide relevant products and services that resonate with these consumers and meet their needs,” said Barton, who also serves as an advisor to BCG's Center for Consumer and Customer Insight. “There is potential for differentiation and advantage for companies that not only deeply understand but also embrace this generation.”

Six Distinct Consumer Segments of Millennials

The research identified six distinct segments of U.S. Millennials that could help companies improve the ways they develop their marketing, brands, and business models to reach this increasingly important audience. These segments are as follows, along with representative quotations:

  • Hip-ennials (29 percent)—“I can make the world a better place.”

  • Millennial Moms (22 percent)—“I love to work out, travel, and pamper my baby.”

  • Anti-Millennials (16 percent)—“I’m too busy taking care of my business and my family to worry about much else."

  • Gadget Gurus (13 percent)—“It’s a great day to be me.”

  • Clean and Green Millennials (10 percent)—“I take care of myself and the world around me.”

  • Old School Millennials (10 percent)—“Connecting on Facebook is too impersonal, let’s meet up for coffee instead!”

While oversimplified to highlight differences, these categories reveal significant differences in the attitudes and behaviors of U.S. Millennials, a group that numbered 79 million last year and is projected to far outnumber baby boomers, 78 million to 56 million, by 2030.

“Understanding and recognizing these distinct segments and their nuances is essential for companies that hope to develop effective product offerings, marketing campaigns, channel strategies, and messaging,” said Barton. “A one-size-fits-all effort will fail to connect with every Millennial segment.” 

Implications for Consumer Companies

So what does all this mean to companies and their brands?  For some, a fundamental reinvention may be in order. For instance, brands that target teenagers, college students, or young adults may have to be rethought for each successive generation. In other cases, companies may need to figure out how to introduce their brands to Millennials at the appropriate life stage. And for others still, reaching Millennials may simply require more relevant and resonant marketing messages. Some brands—such as Nike and Sony—are favorites among U.S. Millennials and non-Millennials alike, and must try to remain so. Others, such as Target and Apple, appear to have an edge with Millennials.

“Some may argue that the peak spending years of the Millennials are far enough in the future that companies can take their time in developing well-targeted, appealing products and services. But we believe that staying on top of Millennial trends is critical because they will ultimately influence today’s big spenders, the 35- to 74-year-old non-Millennials,” noted Chris Egan, COO of SMG, a customer experience analytics agency.

The Millennials survey builds on earlier research by BCG, Barkley, and SMG on Millennials’ media, shopping and social habits, released in August 2011, as well as a BCG report released late last year on the economic impact of aging. 

1The survey extended the broadly accepted definition of "Millennial" a few years beyond the upper end of the age range in order to capture the pivotal years during which Millennials transition to the next stage of life.

To download a copy of the Millennial report, please go to

To speak with one of the authors, please contact Alexandra Corriveau of BCG at 212 446-3261,,  Christie Garton of Barkley at 816-423-6158, or Joe Sciara of Service Management Group at 816-841-5683,

About Barkley

Barkley is one of the largest employee-owned agencies of its kind. Founded in 1964, the agency offers a full range of marketing communications services including advertising, public relations, cause branding, sponsorships and events, relationship marketing, social media, design, media planning and buying, motion graphics, research and interactive marketing. Barkley has offices in Kansas City and Pittsburgh with additional field offices across the nation. For more information, visit:,, and

About Service Management Group

Service Management Group® (SMG) is the leading customer experience analytics agency that improves multi-unit performance for global retail and restaurant brands. The company captures and critically appraises the customer and employee metrics that deliver financial results. By helping everyone from the CEO to the store manager understand the factors that define a superior customer experience and those that resonate with various consumer segments, SMG develops a prescriptive set of actions that improve operations, inform marketing communications and grow brands. To request more information about SMG, email Joe Sciara at or call 816-448-4500.

About features the latest thinking from BCG experts as well as from CEOs, academics, and other leaders. It covers issues at the top of senior management’s agenda. It also provides unprecedented access to BCG’s extensive archive of thought leadership stretching back 50 years to the days of Bruce Henderson, the firm’s founder and one of the architects of modern management consulting. All of our content—including videos, podcasts, commentaries, and reports—can be accessed by PC, mobile, iPad, Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.

About The Boston Consulting Group

The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is a global management consulting firm and the world’s leading advisor on business strategy. We partner with clients from the private, public, and not-for-profit sectors in all regions to identify their highest-value opportunities, address their most critical challenges, and transform their enterprises. Our customized approach combines deep insight into the dynamics of companies and markets with close collaboration at all levels of the client organization. This ensures that our clients achieve sustainable competitive advantage, build more capable organizations, and secure lasting results. Founded in 1963, BCG is a private company with 85 offices in 48 countries. For more information, please visit

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